About the visualization
The prior on the effect is a scaled unit-information prior. The black, and red circle on the curves represents the likelihood of 0 under the prior and posterior. Their likelihood ratio is the Savage-Dickey density ratio, which I use here as to compute Bayes factor. The p-value is the traditional p-value for a two-sample t test with known variance (i.e. a Z test). HDI is the posterior highest density interval, which in this case is analogous a credible interval. And CI is the traditional frequentist confidence interval.
Check out Alexander Etz's blog series "Understanding Bayes" for a really good introduction to Bayes factor. Fabian Dablander also wrote a really good post, "Bayesian statistics: why and how", which introduces Bayesian inference in general. If you're interesting in an easy way to perform a Bayesian t test check out JASP, or BayesFactor if you use R.